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SUCCESS STORIES OF COMMUNITY GOVERNANCE IN INFRASTRUCTURE SERVICES
ACCESS TO SAFE DRINKING WATER
Slum – Satyakali
Model Infrastructure : Overhead tank with stand post for water supply
This slum is in Ward 27 of Bhubaneswar Municipal Corporation. Set up in 1982
the slum has around 200 households with a population of 825. Cattle rearing and selling
milk is the mainstay of the slum dwellers. The women earn some extra income
for the household by making papad and sweets for the market. The community is remarkable
for the high emphasis it places on education.
However Satyakali basti faced an acute shortage of drinking water. During the rainy season
the drains adjacent to the slum overflowed and a the wells are contaminated by the drain water
which added to the woes of the slum dwellers. The contaminated water resulted in increased
incidences of water born diseases which adversely affected their lives and livelihoods.
Process followed :
Indian Institute of Education & Care (IIEC) in collaboration with Practical Action worked with the community to
mobilize and empower them. The community was involved actively in the planning process and agreed to
contribute 25% of the total cost for the drinking water project. Discussions were held with the community
for selection of the site, community contribution, construction procedure and management of the infrastructure.
Detail status of the Project:
Capacity of overhead tank: 6000 litre, Stand post: 20nos (each one have two water points)
Total Expenditure : INR 2,51,007
Project Support : INR 01,91,007
Community Contribution : INR 60,000
Total Beneficiaries : 200 families
The operation and management of the model infrastructure in managed by the slum development
committee.Community collects money for recurring expenses which is kept in the committee account
for electricity and maintenanceThere is adequate drinking water available for all the residents of
Satyakali and there is a general increase in well being of the community.
A CASE STUDY ON SANITATION
Slum – Birsamunda
Model Infrastructure : Community Toilet & Bathing Space
The Birsamunda Basti is located in Saheednagar area under ward no-37 in close proximity
to the railway line. The old basti houses a population of 526 with 90 house holds. One part of
the basti comprising about 40 households with a population of 220 were facing hazards in
sanitary condition due to lack of toilet facility. Most inhabitants are masons. The health and
sanitation scenario of the basti and surroundings is unhygienic owing to the brief distance
from basic and essential services. In the slum only 04 -05 houses have their own toilets.
There was even a common inclination towards open defecation due to availability of open
space adjacent to railway lines and lack of proper sanitary latrines. This often leads to
loss of lives due to the careless habitual crossing over of railway lines for defecation and
other purposes. The women folk bear the brunt of unsocial elements most of the time. Another
important factor which added to their pathetic condition was death of their relatives due to rail
mishap. So both insecurity of life and unhygienic condition perennially pushed them to the brink
of death and disaster. In addition to that the bathing of women and girls in the open space was
a disgrace. Against the above back drop of people’s long standing requirement of an appropriate
community toilet and bath, the initiative of IIEC along with Practical Action to construct model infrastructures led to
creation of a safe, hygienic and civilized environment.
In the initial stage to spread awareness about the prevalent basti conditions, several meetings
and interactions with the whole community were conducted to ensure their cooperation and
participation to develop community infrastructure. The model infrastructure were built within
a span of one month. The labour component was totally borne by the community. To complete
the process, leading role of the community leaders and others was to be credited due to
their participation, i.e from bhumipuja till the completion of the construction. The Bhubaneswar
Municipal Corporation has also extended its support in providing sewerage line connection to the
latrines. The infrastructure has made the women and children happy as their felt needs have been
materialized in the long run due to timely intervention of IIEC. The barrier free design was highly
acclaimed by the Hon’ble Mayor and other distinguished guests. The Mayor suggested to
replicate the model infrastructure in different areas of Bhubaneswar Municipal Corporation.
The concerned Corporator’s cooperation through out the process is admirable and he also
promised the slum dwellers to construct more number of community toilets in near future.
Detail status of the Project:
Total Expenditure : INR 1, 33,625/-
Project Support : INR 1,06,900/-
Community Contribution : INR 26,725/-
Total Beneficiaries : 40 families
Operation, Management & Sustainability:
An operational management plan has been designed by the local slum committee and a fixed
amount of user fee is collected to ensure the maintenance and sustainability of the infrastructure.
The community people are managing and maintaining the infrastructure properly. Prior to the
construction of community toilet, the people were reluctant to invite their relatives. Now they are quite
happy to be accepted by others and also be associated with the mainstream society. The most
interesting dividend for the inhabitants is that their counterparts have expressed willingness to give
their daughters in marriage to this basti. This indicates an improvement in their quality of life which
has influenced their neighbours and counterparts. Their dignity at stake has been restored and
A CASE STUDY ON SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT
Slum – Nandinipalli
Model Infrastructure : Garbage Collection Centre
The City of Bhubaneswar, with an estimated population of 1, 60,0000 have 377 slums.
The Nandinipally Munda Sahi Basti is one amongst them which was established in 1968.It is an unauthorized
slum situated in between the Bidyut Marg and Regional College under Nayapally area. The inhabitants have no
legal rights on the land. There are 150 house holds in the slum with 760 population. The majority of residents are
Schedule Tribe belonging to Mayurbhanj District and few families belong to Muslim Community. There is a good
fellow feeling and cohesion among community and all matters are regulated by the Slum Development Committee.
The majority of people depend on wage earning and only 10 persons are doing Govt. job. At the heart of the
slum there is a Balwadi Centre which has been managed by the Ruchika for the education of small children.
Besides, one Community Toilet and Bath space has also been provided by the Bhubaneswar Municipal Corporation.
Prior to intervention of IIEC during last part of 2009 it was noticed that the sanitary and hygienic condition
of the community was more unhealthy and the surrounding was very dirty because people were either not aware
or well conscious in disposing their house hold wastages in a planned manner. Though there was watsebin kept
by the BMC in some part of the Basti, yet people used to throw the wastes out side here and there. This habit
might be developed as regular clearance of garbage by BMC was not taken up. Secondly the existing drainage system was also defunct due to blockage made by garbage. This self created condition and attitude of community not only influence their health and hygiene but at the same time hamper the sanitary condition of its surroundings and as a post impact of it small children have been affected by different diseases like malaria and other infectious skin diseases. Under the situation, for IIEC the great concern was to develop the sanitary condition of the locality and to create awareness on community health and hygiene. With this backdrop IIEC staff and officials had made series of discussions with the community people about the problems stated above and to find out solution on it. The facts were also shared and appraised to the concerned Slum Development Committee, Corporator, Slum Improvement Officer and other stake holders as to how to address the issue. However, much importance was given to community to analyze their problems based on their prevailing health and sanitation condition. The methodology of participatory mapping exercise (PRA) with the local community was applied.
Since there was facility of potable water the demand was to build waste management structure (particularly waste bin) subject to the proactive willingness to extend cooperation in all respect (i.e. site selection, physical labour, monitoring of work and management & maintenance of the infrastructure.) Further the consent was obtained from the Corporator that to make it a replicable model he must ensure timely cleaning of the deposited garbage and its management. As a whole taking into account the crying need and commitment of community and other stake holders IIEC facilitated to the process of constructing Waste Bin at Nandinipalli Basti. The most convincing factor for IIEC to erect such infrastructure at Nandinipalli was the management proceduresfollowed by the community for strengthening the existing Community Toilet (CT) constructed by the BMC.
Construction of Model Infrastructure:
For the construction of Waste Bin the site was selected by the community leaders considering the accessibility
of all people to the point so that all garbage could be dumped & handled as one place and its cleaning could be
made effectively. Above all necessary cooperation was provided by the community to complete the construction
without any obstacles. The infrastructure was formally handed over to community by the local Corporator
on 9-5-2010 for their use. It has been observed that after the construction of Waste Bin most of the people
are used to dumping their waste at the bin and the environment bears a cleaner picture compared to the previous
situation The Municipality Tractor is coming twice in a week to collect the garbage and the community is closely
monitoring it. The drain is now free from blockage. The central place of the community was turning dirty earlier due
to spread of garbage and that created problems for youth to organize cultural activities first near the site but now
they feel happy as the place looks clean.
Detail status of the Project
Total Expenditure : INR 22,575/-
Project Support : INR 18,575/-
Community Contribution : INR 4,000/-
Total Beneficiaries : 150 families
Community Ownership of Infrastructure:
Over all it can be said that the community itself seems more responsive in its decision making and the sense of responsibility. Owning the infrastructure by the people has already been experienced and proved in the way they are managing the Waste Bin. It is note worthy to state that the neighbouring slum people have also been motivated to have similar kind of infrastructure for their area.
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